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Korean communication ambassadors and Japan: They have never been changed so!?

Korean communication ambassadors
Korean communication ambassadors and Japan: They have never been changed so!?_a0386130_15312984.jpg

Hi, Dear Folks!

A really interesting article has been serialized in the blog of Nezusan, Yoshiyuki Onagi. This seems to be very helpful for people all over the world to know what happened in the ancient Japanese society in the era of Edo and after. So, I translated it into English by using the Google translator with some corrections.

Korean communication ambassadors and Japan

The figure of the Korean communication ambassadors drawn in the Edo period is truly a great procession. The reason why it is so powerful is not because the Korean communication ambassadors were fine. This is because the shogunate created a huge budget for them, and the queuing line of communication messengers was majestic.
This is also impossible in the world. Usually, the visitors will show their national prestige with a flashy performance.

Korean communication ambassadors and Japan: They have never been changed so!?_a0386130_15024595.jpg

From the Muromachi period to the Edo period, a special envoy from Korea (Korean communication ambassadors) visited Japan 12 times.
The last round of the 12th installment was forbidden in Tsushima and has not come to mainland Japan, but the first is the first two years (1429, Seicho 2), and the last is the late Edo period of Culture 11 (1811, Bunka 8).

The first three times are for recovery of diplomatic relations and negotiations for returning Prisoners of war.
The following nine times are all coming to Japan to celebrate the appointment of a new general.

By the way, a recent Korean School textbook stated about the Korean correspondence ambassador so that the Edo shogunate opened by Ieyasu was super-poor and wanted Mr. Lee's wisdom and culture, so he wanted to send an envoy from Japan. If that's right, and if the historical fantasy comes here, it's already comedy (We call such a Korean fictitious fantasy Urinara fantasy).

Now, there is still a record of the Korean communication ambassadors of 1764, Hoei 14.
At this time, the Korean communication ambassadors were visiting Japan for the celebration of Tokugawa Eiji's appointment as the 11th Shogun.

Among the members of the Korean communication ambassadors, there is a person named Kim Jin-hen who wrote down the details of his visit to Japan in a book called "Nitto Souyuka(Yuka-Record of Korean communication ambassadors in Hangul)".
This is a rare book, and now it is very expensive, but in this book you can see the frank impressions of Japan that the Korean bureaucrats saw at that time.
It is written as follows:

▼ Osaka, January 22, 1764

All of the houses that seem to have one million are "tile roofs". So great.
The rich man's house in Osaka is more than ten times the size of "the largest mansion in Korea", and is with a copper roof and golden interior.
This luxury is unusual.
The city is about 40 Km in size, all of which are thriving. Incredible.

The paradise that appears in the Chinese legend was actually Osaka.
I don't think there is any other city in the world like this.
It is 10,000 times the development of downtown Seoul.

The interpreter who saw Beijing was on the correspondence ambassador, but he said, “The prosperity of Beijing loses to Osaka.”
A man like a beast with drunk and stupid blood came to this land during the Zhou(周) era of China.
And for two thousand years, it prospered peacefully and survived one surname (the emperor's family). Excited and praised.

▼ Kyoto, January 28, 1764

The city's prosperity is less than Osaka.
However, it is a very luxurious city where the Emperor lives.
The mountain is majestic, the river flows through the plains, and fertile farmland spreads indefinitely.
Hayato owns this rich paradise. I'm sorry.
They call themselves “Mikado” and “Tenno” and are passed down to their children and grandchildren. It is mortifying.

I want to wipe out all the Japanese like the dogs.
I would like to make this land a territory of Korea and make it a land of salute with the virtues of the king of Korea.

▼ Nagoya, February 3, 1764

The prosperity and beauty of the city is the same as Osaka. So great.
The beauty of nature, the large population, the richness of the land, the luxury of the house, is the best in this trip.
The scenery is not even in Nakahara (the center of China).
The capital of Korea is fine, but it is very lonely compared to Nagoya.

The beauty of people is amazing.
Especially women are beautiful. What beautiful women are! Is that a human being?
It is said that “Princess Yang gui fei is the best beauty”, but she will lose her beauty compared to women in Nagoya.

(On the return trip) A beautiful woman from Nagoya is watching us walking on the street.
Our members are desperately moving their heads from side to side so as not to miss the beauty of Nagoya.

▼ Edo, February 16, 1764

Houses are lined up on the left, and the sea spreads on the right.
The mountain is completely invisible and fertile land is infinite.
The luxury of the pavilion and mansion, the bustle of people, the gorgeousness of men and women, the beauty of the walls, bridges and boats.
Everything is three times better than Osaka or Kyoto.
It is impossible for my talent to express this splendor in text.
The beauty and gorgeousness of women are the same as in Nagoya.


This was written as the actual impression of the Korean mission that came to Japan.
This impression is the impression that saw the peninsula of Japan 248 years ago, and it is said that the impression remains almost unchanged for the Koreans who come to Japan between nowadays and those age.

And if the perception (recognition) that you thought “My country is the best in the world” was too disagreeable (dissonance) with that when actually you viewed with your own eyes , you think that you will grow and progress by imitating other countries, but Koreans don't think so.

Jin-Ken Kim said about this
"I'm mortifying.
I want to wipe out all the people like dogs.
I want to make this land Korean territory,
and make a country of courtesy with the virtue of King Korea”
He wrote about thoughts that we cannot imagine by Japanese common sense.

The mistake of the Japanese government after the war lies in the fact that Japan provided money, interests, and technology to peninsulas for peninsulas who were running with such unconventional thoughts (emotions).
Instead, they think that their "emotions have been justified" and "Japan has obeyed them", and they become more radical and inexplicable.
It's not the reason, but the emotions turn that way.

Emotions are
“The lower the level, become the more intense and radical”.

It's the same as stepping on, not stepping on, not enjoying the language, hitting the shoulders, or being blown by the gun.
The lower the emotion of a person, the more radical the person runs.
Anyone who can only see things diagonally has nothing to do with these distorted feelings.

Well, there is an interesting picture for the Korean communication ambassadors.
This is a picture of the “Korean mission to steal chickens and fought with townspeople” held by Kyoto University.
This picture is a famous picture that the Korean correspondence ambassadors stole chickens and became a brawl.

Korean communication ambassadors stole chickens and fought with the Japanese people in Yodo Jouka Machi in Japan
Korean communication ambassadors and Japan: They have never been changed so!?_a0386130_15072037.jpg

As you can see, by day-to-day traffic, the Korean communication ambassadors robbed chickens from Japanese townspeople and made a brawl.
The place is in the middle of the pass.
Korean communications ambassadors were trying to take chickens,
That's the townspeople who meet each other.
A townsman who is clearly seen as a Japanese has fallen under his feet.

You can hear from this picture that
the townspeople are trying to hold down the messenger,
A person from the peninsula who is trying to steal a chicken and give it to another messenger ...
This happening was a serious brawl of such a fuss.

In Japan, it is unlikely that government officials will thieve private property such as chickens.
Because "the government exists for National called Oomi-takara(meaning Great treasure)" was common sense for both the public and private sectors.
However, it is only "common sense of Japan", not "common sense of Korean peninsula".

What happened in Korea is that Isabella Bird,
Korean communication ambassadors and Japan: They have never been changed so!?_a0386130_15323375.jpg
an English woman who traveled between Japan, China and Korea in the early Meiji era, wrote in detail in the Korean travel.

“They are usually shy,
When we see our eyes
Rush to grab the chicken,
hide it.
What is required of Korean bureaucrats are
the ultimate incompetence.
Servants threatened nearby residents,
rob and steal roosters, chickens and eggs
They do not pay for them. "
(Isabella Bird "Korean Tour" P133-P137)

In short, in Lee Korea(Lee's Chosen), which lasted for 500 years from 1392 to 1910, the nobility (bureaucrats) of the ruling hierarchy took the chickens and eggs from the common people (white wings) without permission was natural rights for them as a ruler.
Not just chickens and eggs but also Fish, food, cereals, whatever they wanted, were arbitrarily taken away.

If a couple is in front of them and if they like that woman, they can take her away.
The meaning is different from Japanese “takeaway”.
If there is a young mother with a young child and they like the mother, they will rape her on the street.
In Japan, there are “bureaucrats for the people”, but on Korea peninsula, “the people are for bureaucrats”.
The hierarchical relationship of up-down has priority over anything in Korea.

A person standing on the top can take any amount from below.
That is common sense for them.
This trend is still the same in these days.

In Japan, teach children to "be a caring and respectable adult".
But on Korea peninsula,
it is said that they are taught to "stand on people anyway".
If you are down, everything will be taken away.
So stand on any obscene hand.
That is their wisdom.
The underlying “common sense” is different from Japan.

There is also the following passage in the Korean travel of Isabella Bird.

“High-ranking bureaucrats and servant teams take their accompanying procession,
stay in the residence of an administrative officer and have a luxurious meal.
Even if you stay in an inn far from comfortable,
even if you are driven into the habit of taking the village food,
all the best ones are chosen,
They never pay for it.” (Same as above)

The bureaucracy is not concerned with them, even if the inferior one is starved to death.
They think that it is good if they can make luxury on the spot.
It is a sensibility that Japanese cannot have.

Such a party came to Japan as a Korean communication ambassadors.
At the inn at the accommodation, all things and staffs in the room were stolen from futons, vases, tableware, and scrolls.
It is said that the room after the Korean ambassador left was in an “empty house after moving out" state.

And that isn't just about the 18th century.
There are a lot of Korean tourists coming to Tsushima these days, but they run away without paying money when they get off, for example, by taxi.
Or, even if they pay a fee, it will be mixed with a 500-won coin that (has the value of one tenth of 500-yen) looks very similar with a 500-yen.
If you notice that on the spot and warn them, they scream out loud something not to understand and you will fall asleep.

At the supermarket, Koreans eat bananas on the spot without paying any money.
If the clerk does not notice them, Koreans leave without paying.

Come to a convenience store with a group of 5 to 6 people, while one person is paying, the other person thief and shoplifts.
Young female customers use the lipsticks on the display shelves to return to the original shelves, so they are no longer for sale.

Koreans don't order food at restaurants.
At the ryokan, everything from shampoo, rinse, towels, toilet paper and fruits to a stationary TV in the room is taken away and stollen.

Koreans pollute rooms and buildings, and Koreans pee and poop in public spaces such as the front desk and elevators.
The rooms smell like stool intensely (what is being done in the room? and there is a rumor that they trick and take a Japanese woman into the room and doing a scat act), and hence the room smells too bad.

At the payment stage, Koreans put a claim on the room and discount it.
In the bath facility, wash your body with soap in a bathtub.
This is what happened in Tsushima in the 2000s and in Japan.

"Exploring the Edo period"
Korean communication ambassadors and Japan: They have never been changed so!?_a0386130_15360699.jpg
written by Hirofumi Yamamoto (Shincho Bunko)
Korean communication ambassadors and Japan: They have never been changed so!?_a0386130_15360397.jpg
has the following statement.

"Some of the members of the correspondence ambassador appeared to be more respectful.
Unexpected due to small things
such as stealing nightclothes from the previous night when leaving the ship,
loading them into a ship, putting food in difficulty,
requesting large fish for fish, and seasonal vegetables.
There was also a case of spitting on the accompanying Tsushima niece who refused the action."

The same incident is happening on the return of the 11th Korean communication ambassador when Kim Jin-hen, introduced above, came to Japan.
It was an event on April 6, 1764, Meiwa 1st year.

On the day of the day, at the unloading site in Nagahama, Osaka, one of the junior officers of the Korean news agency suddenly started talking about losing a mirror.
A communication ambassador to Tokyo (mid-level official) called Chen Ten So(崔天宗),
He said bad things:
"The Japanese are good at stealing."

Denzo Suzuki who was interpreting the Korean correspondence ambassadors got upset for that before the Korean found the truth whether or not he had lost it by himself, or he had been stolen, it was not possible for him to call the Japanese thieves.
Suzuki said back to the Koreans
"You say Japanese people like that,
but you may have taken home the tableware and decorations from the meal.
What do you think of this?"

Chen Ten So, who was hurt by Denzo Suzuki, suddenly got angry and put Suzuki Denzo many times with a staff in front of the people.
Suzuki Denzo was only a translator (interpreter) and was in a position to entertain the Korean communication ambassadors. So, he had to show his tolerance.

But even though he is an inferior of samurai, he is a samurai.
Just being silent with a cane will not give you a fraction of the samurai.
That night, too much conceiving Suzuki Denzo cut the throat of the Chen Ten So by spear and killed him, and then Suzuki went to the Japanese Administration by himself and commit suicide with feeling his guilty.

There are textbooks, etc.
that often refer to the Korean mission and write,
“Koreans have introduced Confucianism to Japan
and handed down various cultures and techniques.”
but Confucianism has landed in Japan before that, and it was written by Kim Jin Ken who was a member of the Korean correspondence ambassador that Japan was far superior in terms of culture.
In other words, there was no fact that the Korean ambassador communicated their culture to Japan, and the culture and technology of the chicken burglar was unnecessary in Japan.

At that time products that the Japanese imported from Korea were ginseng, raw silk and silk from China.
On the other hand, the Korean communication ambassadors happily brought home Japanese sweet potatoes(Satsuma imo).

Because in Korea at that time famine was occurring every year.
However, in Japan, sweet potatoes were grown during the famine.
The harvest of the cormorant is so fast that many people lived longer.
In fact, Rabaul's Army General Hitosi Ichimura started cultivation of sweet potatoes early in Rabaul, and many soldiers were able to return to Japan without dying by hanger.

In this way, the Korean communication ambassadors learned not only the seed potatoes, but also how to plant, store and cook, brought them home and cultivated them for themselves.
By the way, there are cigarettes and chili peppers that the Korean communication ambassadors brought from Japan to Korean peninsula.
Speaking of Korean food, kimchi with chili is a staple, but the chili used in kimchi came from Japan to the Korean peninsula.

Even if Japan is isolated, it is only natural that Japan should always monitor the dynamics of overseas.
So, we continued to interact at a very small window, but if an unusual foreigner came to Japan, it would be the same as the Kabuki troupe and Sumo boxing from the center. It is a commoner of the common people.
Therefore, the dance to welcome the Korean mission is also told today.

However, this ambassadors of Korea were a ridiculous group of people, although they must be a messenger of the self-proclaimed king of Korea.
The Korean communication ambassador came to Japan with a group of about 600 people each time.
Among them, 1 to 200 sailors will stay in Osaka, and a large group of around 400 would head to Edo on foot from Osaka.
So they stayed in Japan for about half a year.

In order to prevent these Korean communication ambassadors from doing anything wrong, Tsushima-han, which served as the contact point, has brought about 800 escort samurai to the Korean communication ambassadors.
800 Japanese people surrounded 400 Korean people so that Koreans cannot do bad things.
However, nevertheless, the Korean communication ambassadors made still a problem around.

The Tokugawa Shogunate has allocated a budget of 1 million cars each time for these Korean correspondence ambassadors.
Tokugawa welcome Koreans with that much expense.
However, Koreans have no custom of taking a bath.
Japanese travel agencies and tea shops around the pathway were like convenience stores, and they had toilets, but somehow Koreans pee and poop on the street.
In the morning, 400 Korean people all pee and poop together on the street.

In the villages of the pathway, the Japanese planned dances and festivals and executed to welcome the Korean communication ambassadors once every 30 years.
Although there are many negative aspects of Koreans, the Japanese still welcome Koreans, because they are foreigners.
The Japanese take care of the precious memories of their friends who are trying to welcome them together.
They didn't leave their unpleasant feelings to future generations.
That is the Japanese.

One last thing.
The Korean communication ambassadors came to Japan through Iki Tsushima, but at the Hirado-han, which governs Iki, the lord himself prayed for the safe voyage to the envoy and visited at the Niji Shrine and prayed for good winds.
The face up is just “hope for a safe voyage”.
But the real intention is
"I want you to leave Iki as soon as possible"
It seems that was.

What I want to get along with my neighbors is the Japanese habit.
However, if you are decent people, it is very important to live in this way, but there is no need to get along with people who are not decent.

The figure of the Korean communication ambassadors drawn in the Edo period is truly a great line-up procession.
The reason why it is so powerful is not because the Korean communication ambassadors were fine.
This is because the shogunate created a huge budget for them, and the queuing line of communication messengers was majestic.
This is also impossible in the world.
Usually, the visitors will show their national prestige with a flashy performance.

Nitto So Yuka-Record of Korean communication ambassadors in Hangul (Toyo Bunko)
Korean communication ambassadors and Japan: They have never been changed so!?_a0386130_15245577.jpg

* This article is a renewal of an article from October 2012.
Thank you for reading.

The Korean never changed while the Japanese never changed for several thousands years.
But each custom is totally opposite. The difference comes from own DNA difference as the recent DNA haploid genotype researches have proven it.

Korean communication ambassadors and Japan: They have never been changed so!?_e0171614_11282166.gif

by kikidoblog3 | 2019-10-12 15:32 | ねずさん、小名木善行

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